Czechoslovakia

The Czechoslovakian collection at the Central Archives contains material from all of the areas which comprised the Czechoslovakian republic between the two World Wars, i.e. Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia, Slovakia and the area known as Carpatho-Rus, today a part of the Ukraine.

 

Original material

The majority of files relate to Bohemia and Moravia and relatively few pertain to communities in Slovakia and Carpatho-Rus (17th-20th centuries). Of special interest are pinkassim from communities and societies, among them Boskovice, Břeclav, Konice, Prostējov, and Vrbové. Several files relate to the period following World War II and to the efforts of Czech Jewish Holocaust survivors to reestablish their community.

 

Microfilms and photocopies

Files and documents held by the Jewish Museum in Prague, among the communities are Kroměříž (1629-1936), Lostice (1793-1868), Mikulov (1369, 1609-1938), Mlada Boleslav (1595-1938), Praha (1302-1943), Prostējov (1784-1942), and Velke Mezirici (1691-1794); material of the Bohemian Landesjudenschaft (1637-1844); remnants of the Bratislava community archives (18th-19th centuries), 19 circumcision registers from Bratislava and the environs (1748-1883);  two financial registers from the community of Jemnice (1787-1845), filmed at the library of the University of Manchester; a small number of films of non-Jewish provenance from Czech archives, such as a register relating to the affairs of a Jewish merchant in the 15th century, from the district archives at Olomouc and a number of files relating to Jews in Slavkov (Austerlitz) (1725-1881) and Rousinov (Neu Raussnitz) (1701-1930) from the district archives at Brno; A microfilmed version of the card catalogue prepared by the late Professor Ruth Kestenberg-Gladstein from the 1724 census of Bohemian  countryside Jews.

 

Inventories

Detailed lists of the archival material held by the Jewish Museum in Prague, as well as a list of files from the Jewish community in Prague, which are held by the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw; partial surveys from the state archives at Bratislava, the district archives at Berehovo, the municipal archives at Munkacs, the district archives at Nitra and the state and municipal archives at Prague; a number of general guides to archives in Czechoslovakia, some of which contain references to Jews.

 

Private collections

Papers of Franz Komjati, containing documentation on the Jews of Slovakia (18th-20th centuries); papers of Egon Zweig and family members in Olomouc, Vienna and Jerusalem; papers of Rabbi Gustav Sicher, Chief Rabbi of Prague until 1939, who spent World War II in Jerusalem, corresponded with survivors in Czechoslovakia and returned to Prague in 1946 at their request to serve once again as Chief Rabbi.